High-risk HPV affects 23 percent of American adults

Apr 18, 2017, 02:00
High-risk HPV affects 23 percent of American adults

Immunising against HPV was crucial to help prevent a range of cancers.

HPV is named for the warts (papillomas) some HPV types can cause.

Geraldine McQuillan, the lead author of the report, said that this problem is often left behind as people do not give the attention it deserves.

From 2013 to 2014, the number of men who carry genital HPV was verging on 50 percent whereas the rate for women was almost 40 percent.

"It is very concerning, and really, many people have referred to this phenomenon as an epidemic", says Dr. Greg Hartig, a head and neck surgeon with UW Health. On the other hand, Asians were the least affected ethnic group.

"Human papillomavirus is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States", the CDC said in its report. Certain strains of HPV can lead to genital wars and cervical cancer, and two in particular - HPV-16 and -18 - are the cause of nearly all cases of cervical cancer. However, infection with some strains causes genital warts in men. In teenage girls, HPV infection has dropped 60%, and in young women it has dropped 34%, she added. As previously reported by Cosmopolitan.com, a January 2016 study found that among a pool of 582 pediatricians and family physicians to 11- and 12-year-old girls, more than one-third "don't strongly recommend" Gardasil, the HPV vaccine, to their preteen patients.

The prevalence of any genital HPV was higher among men than women overall. In women, HPV infection can also cause cervical, vaginal, and vulvar HPV cancers.

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The report provided vaccination rates for 80 small local areas, providing schools and health managers with detailed information about where improvement was needed.

They found around 0.5% of women from the 1995 group tested positive for HPV 16/18, compared with 21.4% of women born before 1990. The study also expanded the number of HPV strains included.

HPV is the most common sexually-transmitted infection.

The human papillomavirus - considered a public health threat because of its link to cancer - now infects roughly 40 percent of adult Americans, according to a new report from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

The prevalence of any oral HPV among adults 18-69 years old was 7.3% and high-risk oral HPV was 4% during the four-year period.

In one study published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology, the authors write: "Indeed, in many cross-sectional studies, having performed oral sex on a higher number of recent or lifetime partners is associated with increased odds of prevalent oral HPV.However, because sexual behaviors are generally co-linear, it is hard to distinguish which sexual behaviors are responsible for HPV transmission from the genital tract to the mouth. The program is newer for boys, however, and we expect this rate to increase over time", she said. Some people still think vaccination encourages youth to become promiscuous.

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